Most homeowners are often oblivious of the potentials of hydrostatic pressure. They consider it trivial until some funny realities begin to play out in their basements and other areas of their houses. Some may not even know what exactly hydrostatic pressure is all about. Well, one can bet that majority of homeowners are in this category.
Hydrostatic pressure, in this context, refers to a force emanating from a column of waterlogged around your house. More simply put, it is the weight of a water column. As the water percolates into the ground, it soon finds its way into the basement through the soil spores. These water gather around the home usually during the times of rain, and if one is not careful, they would generously make a dam out of your basement.
How It Works
The mechanism by which hydrostatic pressure operates is as basic as it is confusing to many persons. Firstly, for any understanding of hydrostatic pressure to be attained, one must be aware of the water table. Under the ground is a bed on which underground water rests upon. The volume of water above the water table depends on a number of parameters including high rainfall. The more the downpour of rain, the more water collects and heightens the water volume and vice versa. Some places get more rainfall than some others; consequently, they have a better store of water in their water table than those places.
Another factor that also influences the water volume is closeness to large sources of water. Around areas with plenty store of water, there is often more water above the water table. This is because of the rather obvious fact that such areas having seas with considerable depth have water that spreads through the environment and maintains the water level of the surrounding high.
Now, some people build their houses in such environments where the water level is high underground and as such gather up in empty areas. This eventually leads to an increase in the hydrostatic pressure of the water and thus strongly raises the possibility of a basement leak.
The basement leak actually happens when there are some cracks and openings on the walls and floors. These cracks, in turn, are often a consequence of one or two damages to the foundation of the house. Once the foundation is faulty, and vents start getting created, basement leaks become almost inevitable. And as you know, water is so humble, it can pass through any opening no matter how small.
What To Do To Control the Effects of Hydrostatic Pressure
In situations where homeowners build their houses in such areas with water having high hydrostatic pressure, there adopt some waterproofing techniques. Such approach keeps the foundation free from the infestation of water and protects their basement from any leaks.
Another control measure is the provision of gutters band good drainage systems that channel water away. As such, accumulation of water that leads to increased hydrostatic pressure is prevented.
In the eventuality, however, that hydrostatic pressure has led to the leakage of your basement, you should quickly engage the service of a professional foundation repair expert to handle the situation.